Coral reefs secures coastline against tropical cyclones naturally by decreasing the energy impact of bigger waves, according to the scientists saying that coral reefs are the natural barrier that protect coastal life and properties as well from the deadly storms.
Some of the world’s most valuable precious and sundry ecosystems, coral reefs are able to support the diverse marine species. However, according to the new research, these structures are also capable of protecting coastline against the powerful wave energy during the tropical cyclones.
The research led by the scientists from the ARC Centre of Excellence at the University of Western Australia, in which the research team attempted a deeper exploration of what the coastline used to fight with when tropical cyclones hit the areas. The study resulted with showing the significant efforts of the coral reefs in protecting the coastal infrastructure as well as the people living around the coastline.
“Reefs can effectively protect shorelines because of their ability to cause waves to break offshore, thus limiting the energy impacting the coastline”, said Dr. Michael Cuttler from the Coral CoE of the University of Western Australia, “The large waves generated by the cyclone were effectively dissipated by the reef situated offshore. The large waves generated by the cyclone were effectively dissipated by the reef situated offshore.”
Dr. Cuttler added that, “The little erosion that did occur was due to smaller waves that were generated by wind within the lagoon. In this study, we also compared similar cyclone impacts on coastlines without reefs and found that these beaches were eroded up to ten times more than the beach at Ningaloo.”